Capital - Salem
Population ( 2010 census ). 3,831,074
Most of Oregon's major cities lie west of the Cascade Mountains. The largest urban areas are in the Willamette Valley.
Bend, in central Oregon, is the largest city east of the Cascades. Pendleton is the next largest city
in eastern Oregon. The biggest city by far is Portland. It is a major inland seaport by way of the Columbia and Willamette
The chief industries here are electrical equipment, machinery, and metals manufacturing.
Eugene, on the Willamette, is Oregon's second largest city. The home of the University of Oregon, it is known
as a center of lumber production and light manufacturing industries. About 50 miles southwest
of Portland is Salem, the state capital and third city in size.
Medford, in the southwest, is noted for fruit packing and lumbering. Corvallis, on the Willamette, is the home
of Oregon State University. Klamath Falls, at the southern end of the Cascades, has sawmills and farm machinery
factories. Astoria, at the mouth of the Columbia, is famous for fish packing.